Energy Storage Solutions


Energy Storage Solutions (ESS)

Global renewable energy has continued in an upward growth trajectory over the last 20 years and is expected to represent 60% of the energy market by 2050. While in parallel, the Li-ion battery market is predicted to reach 3,000 GWh by 2030, driven by an increasing demand for EV batteries. As a world-leading mineral producer, ICL offers bromine, phosphates, and high purity phosphoric acid for energy storage. Our R&D team continuously works to develop innovative energy storage solutions that provide higher capacity, longer life, and improved economics.

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Bromine-based Energy Storage

ICL offers a range of ESSs including tailor-made electrolyte blends for Bromine-based flow batteries. The addition of ICL's custom-made Bromine Complexing Agents (BCA) to these electrolyte blends helps overcome various challenges presented by bromine. Bromine-based electrolytes are recyclable and reusable and provide superior performance for renewable and long-duration energy storage.

Bromine Complexing Agents (BCA)

Bromine is an excellent electroactive compound, capable of fast and reversible kinetics. However, working with bromine presents various challenges. These can be controlled by the addition of a BCA to the electrolyte blends. ICL has developed a family of new effective BCAs that are compatible with various bromide-based chemical reactions, and is offering custom-made BCAs.


ICL uses the highest quality materials to design and provide tailor-made electrolyte blends according to specific customer requirements such as desired physio-chemical properties. Our bromine electrolytes are made up of zinc bromide or hydrobromic acid, together with additional complementary salts. These bromine-based electrolytes are fully recyclable and reusable, which makes them the perfect solution for renewable energy storage.


Lithium-Ion Batteries Raw Materials

ICL is a leading manufacturer of acid and specialty phosphate salts used in the production of cathode and electrolyte materials. Our broad phosphate manufacturing capabilities, as well as significant experience, offer diverse options for producing these phosphate salts. At ICL, we are ready to work closely with our partners to develop the best custom phosphate products tailored to meet every need.

Purified Phosphoric Acid

Phosphoric acid plays a crucial role in the production of Lithium Iron Phosphate (LFP) cathode active material. High-quality, battery-grade phosphoric acid is essential as a reactant in the synthesis of high-quality LFP powders. ICL’s abundant supply and consistent quality make it highly desired by cathode active material manufacturers. Standard concentrations of 75 and 85% are readily available with custom concentrations also available upon request. The demand for LFP batteries and their raw materials are becoming the preferred options in the EV and Energy Storage market as sustainable and long-lasting battery alternatives and renewable energy storage solutions.

Monoammonium Phosphate (MAP)

MAP is a key raw material in the production of LFP. Battery grade MAP is an essential reactant in the synthesis of high-quality LFP powders. As the search for sustainable and long-lasting battery alternatives continues in the EV and Energy Storage market, the demand for raw materials for LFP production is critical. Our robust capabilities and significant experience in manufacturing high-quality MAP position ICL as a top industry supplier to cathode active material manufacturers.

Phosphorus Acid (H3PO3)

Phosphorus acid is proving to be a promising candidate for use in the production of LFP cathode active material. Phosphorus acid has been shown to be an excellent oxidant in high purity LFP powders and is available in flake form or in aqueous solutions. The demand for LFP batteries and their raw materials are becoming critical options to the EV and Energy Storage market as sustainable and long-lasting battery alternatives.

Phosphorus Trichloride (PCl3)

Phosphorus trichloride is an industrial chemical used as an initial product in the manufacturing of phosphates and numerous inorganic and organic phosphorus compounds. It is predominantly used in the production of agrochemicals, flame retardants, plasticizers, additives, and detergents. It is also a fundamental intermediate in producing the inorganic compound lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6) for Li-ion battery electrolyte. ICL is one of the world’s leading manufacturers and suppliers of phosphorus trichloride and other phosphorus inorganic products.

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